Localhost For Mac Os X

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Browse other questions tagged mac virtualhost localhost or ask your own question. The Overflow Blog The Overflow #37: Bloatware, memory hog, or monolith. Localhost Binding by DefaultĀ¶. By default, MongoDB launches with bindIp set to 127.0.0.1, which binds to the localhost network interface.This means that the mongod can only accept connections from clients that are running on the same machine. Remote clients will not be able to connect to the mongod, and the mongod will not be able to initialize a replica set unless this. I want to trick my browser into going to localhost:3000 instead of xyz.com. I went into /etc/hosts on OS X 10.5 and added the following entry: 127.0.0.1:3000 xyz.com That does not work but without specifying the port the trick works. Is there a way to do this specifying the port?

By default, XAMPP has no passwords set and it is not recommended to run XAMPP with this configuration as it is accessible to others.

Simply type the following command (as root) to start a simple security check:

sudo /Applications/XAMPP/xamppfiles/xampp security

Now you should see the following dialog on your screen:

Localhost

XAMPP: Quick security check...
XAMPP: MySQL is accessable via network.
XAMPP: Normaly that's not recommended. Do you want me to turn it off? [yes] yes
XAMPP: Turned off.
XAMPP: Stopping MySQL...
XAMPP: Starting MySQL...
XAMPP: The MySQL/phpMyAdmin user pma has no password set!!!
XAMPP: Do you want to set a password? [yes] yes
XAMPP: Password: ******
XAMPP: Password (again): ******
XAMPP: Setting new MySQL pma password.
XAMPP: Setting phpMyAdmin's pma password to the new one.
XAMPP: MySQL has no root passwort set!!!
XAMPP: Do you want to set a password? [yes] yes
XAMPP: Write the passworde somewhere down to make sure you won't forget it!!!
XAMPP: Password: ******
XAMPP: Password (again): ******
XAMPP: Setting new MySQL root password.
XAMPP: Setting phpMyAdmin's root password to the new one.
XAMPP: The FTP password for user 'nobody' is still set to 'lampp'.
XAMPP: Do you want to change the password? [yes] yes
XAMPP: Password: ******
XAMPP: Password (again): ******
XAMPP: Reload ProFTPD...
XAMPP: Done.

(1) Setting a password will protect the XAMPP demo pages (http://localhost/xampp/) using this password. The user name is 'lampp'!

After running this command, your XAMPP installation should be more secure.

mountaindogmedia left the following comment on my post for installing Apache, PHP, and MySQL on Mac OS X:

Jason, have you tried a modified Include statement for virtual hosts to map a directory? So instead of /etc/apache2/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf as indicated, one would use /etc/apache2/extra/vhosts/*.conf and then just create a default.conf for the first virtual host, and then add/edit/delete vhost files as needed. I think it would be easier to manage host files and changes.

Indeed, mountaindogmedia, this is an easier way. In fact, this is the default configuration for many servers.

By default, the Apache Virtual Host configuration on Mac OS X is located in a single file: /etc/apache2/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf. You need to edit the Apache configuration to include this file and enable virtual hosts.

Over the years, I have created many virtual hosts. Each time editing httpd-vhosts.conf. To mountaindogmedia's point, this becomes difficult to manage. Furthermore, Apache configurations often get reset when upgrading Mac OS X. In the same amount of steps (two), you can adopt a more manageable configuration.

What are Virtual Hosts?

From the Apache Virtual Host documentation:

The term Virtual Host refers to the practice of running more than one web site on a single machine.

By default, the Apache configuration on Mac OS X serves files from /Library/WebServer/Documents accessed by the name locahost. This is essentially a single site configuration. You could mimic multiple sites by creating subdirectories and access a site at localhost/somesite.

This is not ideal for several reasons. Primarily, we would rather access the site using a name like somesite.local. To do that, you need to configure virtual hosts.

A Cleaner Configuration

Before I being, I assume you already installed and configured Apache on Mac OS X.

First, open the Terminal app and switch to the root user to avoid permission issues while running these commands.

Edit the Apache configuration file:

Find the following line:

Below it, add the following line:

This configures Apache to include all files ending in .conf in the /private/etc/apache2/vhosts/ directory. Now we need to create this directory.

Create the default virtual host configuration file.

Add the following configuration:

I create this file to serve as the default virtual host. When Apache can not find a matching virtual host, it will use the first configuration. By prefixing this file with an underscore, Apache will include it first. Techincally this file is not needed as it simply repeats the configuraton already in httpd.conf. However, it provides a place to add custom configuration for the default virtual host (i.e. localhost).

Localhost Dashboard Mac Os Xampp

Now you can create your first virtual host. The example below contains the virtual host configuration for my site. Of course, you will want to substitute jasonmccreary.me with your domain name.

Create the virtual host configuration file:

For

Add the following configuration:

This VirtualHost configuration allows me to access my site from http://jasonmccreary.local for local development.

Note: I use the extension local. This avoids conflicts with any real extensions and serves as a reminder I am developing in my local environment.

Note: The Require all granted configuration became available in Apache 2.4 which comes with Mac OS X Yosemite. If you are running a version of OS X before Yosemite, use the equivalent 2.2 configuration in the upgrading Apache examples.

The final step is to restart Apache:

If you run into any problems, run:

This will test your Apache configuration and display any error messages.

Mapping the .local extension

In order to access sites locally you need to edit your hosts file.

Add a line to the bottom of this file for your virtual host. It should match the value you used for the ServerName configuration. For example, my site:

I like to run the following to clear the local DNS cache:

Now you can access your site using the .local extension. For example, http://jasonmccreary.local.

A note about permissions

You may receive 403 Forbidden when you visit your local site. This is likely a permissions issue. Simply put, the Apache user (_www) needs to have access to read, and sometimes write, to your web directory.

Localhost Mac Os X

If you are not familiar with permissions, read more. For now though, the easiest thing to do is ensure your web directory has permissions of 755. You can change permissions with the command:

In my case, all my files were under my local ~/Documents directory. Which by default is only readable by me. So I had to change permissions from my web directory all the way up to ~/Documents to resolve the 403 Forbidden issue.

Note: There are many ways to solve permission issues. I have provided this as the easiest solution, not the best.

Parallels Access Localhost On Mac

In Closing

Any time you want to add a site to Apache on your Mac, simply create a virtual host configuration file for that site and map it in your hosts file.

Localhost 8080 Mac Os X

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